We at St Margaret’s CE Primary want the children to leave the school at the end of Year 6 with a clear understanding of Geography, understanding the relevance of it in their lives and inspire children to want to know more about the world around them. Through our sequenced learning we aim to give children the opportunity and motivation to acquire new knowledge and skills to aid future learning and employment.
In the EYFS the children are given opportunities to make sense of their physical world and their community by exploring, observing, and finding out about people, places and their personal environment around them.
Throughout both Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2, children acquire knowledge of locational and place knowledge and human and physical geography. This is taught coherently through the four areas of skills: Geographical enquiry, Communicating in different ways, Fieldwork and Map skills.
The children begin to develop a geographical vocabulary by learning about where they live, as well as one other small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in a contrasting non-European country. They also learn about weather patterns in the United Kingdom and hot and cold areas of the world. They use ICT, world maps, atlases and globes, simple compass directions, aerial photographs and plans, as well as simple fieldwork and observational skills.
In Key Stage 2 the learning becomes more focussed but still centrally based around the four key areas of knowledge and skills. Locational knowledge examines latitude, longitude and time zones. Children will use maps to focus on Europe, North and South America, concentrating on regions, key physical / human characteristics, countries, and major cities. They will also work on locating the counties and cities of the United Kingdom, and start to explore their human and physical characteristics. Children will examine geographical similarities and differences by comparing the geography of a region of the United Kingdom with a region in a European country, and with a region in either North or South America. This is part of the place knowledge aspect of the curriculum. For human and physical geography children will be taught to describe and understand key aspects of geography, for example: climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, the water cycle, types of settlement, economic activity and the distribution of natural resources.
Our Geography curriculum ensures that at the end of Key Stage 2 children have a bank of transferable skills such as research, observation, measurement, recording and presentation which aid future learning and employment. Alongside these transferable skills the children will obtain knowledge from a variety of focus areas.